Provides access to the upper memory area and uses extended memory to
simulate expanded memory. This device driver must be loaded by a <DEVICE>
command in your CONFIG.SYS file and can be used only on computers with an
80386 or higher processor.
EMM386 uses extended memory to simulate expanded memory for programs that
can use expanded memory. EMM386 also makes it possible to load programs and
device drivers into upper memory blocks (UMBs).
DEVICE=[drive:][path]EMM386.EXE [ON|OFF|AUTO] [memory] [MIN=size]
[W=ON|W=OFF] [Mx|FRAME=address|/Pmmmm] [Pn=address] [X=mmmm-nnnn]
[I=mmmm-nnnn] [B=address] [L=minXMS] [A=altregs] [H=handles] [D=nnn]
[RAM=mmmm-nnnn] [NOEMS] [NOVCPI] [HIGHSCAN] [VERBOSE] [WIN=mmmm-nnnn]
[NOHI] [ROM=mmmm-nnnn] [NOMOVEXBDA] [ALTBOOT]
Specifies the location of the EMM386.EXE file.
Activates the EMM386 device driver (if set to ON), or suspends the
EMM386 device driver (if set to OFF), or places the EMM386 device driver
in auto mode (if set to AUTO). Auto mode enables expanded-memory support
and upper memory block support only when a program calls for it. The
default value is ON. Use the EMM386 command to change this value after
EMM386 has started.
Specifies the maximum amount of extended memory (in kilobytes) that you
want EMM386 to provide as expanded/Virtual Control Program Interface
(EMS/VCPI) memory. This amount is in addition to the memory used for
UMBs and EMM386 itself. Values for memory are in the range 64 through
the lesser of either 32768 or the amount of extended memory available
when EMM386 is loaded. The default value is the amount of free extended
memory. If you specify the NOEMS switch, the default value is 0. EMM386
rounds the value down to the nearest multiple of 16.
Specifies the minimum amount of EMS/VCPI memory (in kilobytes) that
EMM386 will provide, if that amount of memory is available. EMM386
reserves this amount of extended memory for use as EMS/VCPI memory when
EMM386 is loaded by the DEVICE=EMM386.EXE command in your CONFIG.SYS
file. EMM386 may be able to provide additional EMS/VCPI memory (up to
the amount specified by the MEMORY parameter) if sufficient XMS memory
is available when a program requests EMS/VCPI memory. Values are in the
range 0 through the value specified by the MEMORY parameter. The default
value is 256. If you specify the NOEMS switch, the default value is 0.
If the value of MIN is greater than the value of MEMORY, EMM386 uses the
value specified by MIN.
Enables or disables support for the Weitek coprocessor. The default
setting is W=OFF.
Specifies the address of the page frame. Valid values for x are in the
range 1 through 14. The following list shows each value and its
associated base address in hexadecimal format:
1 => C000h 8 => DC00h
2 => C400h 9 => E000h
3 => C800h 10 => 8000h
4 => CC00h 11 => 8400h
5 => D000h 12 => 8800h
6 => D400h 13 => 8C00h
7 => D800h 14 => 9000h
Values in the range 10 through 14 should be used only on computers that
have 512K of memory.
Specifies the page-frame segment base directly. To specify a specific
segment-base address for the page frame, use the FRAME switch and
specify the address you want. Valid values for address are in the ranges
8000h through 9000h and C000h through E000h, in increments of 400h. To
provide expanded memory and disable the page frame, you can specify
FRAME=NONE; however, this may cause some programs that require expanded
memory to work improperly.
Specifies the address of the page frame. Valid values for mmmm are in
the ranges 8000h through 9000h and C000h through E000h, in increments of
Specifies the segment address of a specific page, where n is the number
of the page you are specifying and address is the segment address you
want. Valid values for n are in the range 0 through 255. Valid values
for address are in the ranges 8000h through 9C00h and C000h through
EC00h, in increments of 400h. The addresses for pages 0 through 3 must
be contiguous in order to maintain compatibility with version 3.2 of the
Lotus/Intel/Microsoft Expanded Memory Specification (LIM EMS). If you
use the Mx switch, the FRAME switch, or the /Pmmmm switch, you cannot
specify the addresses for pages 0 through 3 for the /Pmmmm switch.
Prevents EMM386 from using a particular range of segment addresses for
an EMS page or for UMBs. Valid values for mmmm and nnnn are in the range
A000h through FFFFh and are rounded down to the nearest 4-kilobyte
boundary. The X switch takes precedence over the I switch if the two
Specifies a range of segment addresses to be used (included) for an EMS
page or for UMBs. Valid values for mmmm and nnnn are in the range A000h
through FFFFh and are rounded down to the nearest 4-kilobyte boundary.
The X switch takes precedence over the I switch if the two ranges
Specifies the lowest segment address available for EMS "banking"
(swapping of 16-kilobyte pages). Valid values are in the range 1000h
through 4000h. The default value is 4000h.
Ensures that the specified amount (in kilobytes) of extended memory will
still be available after EMM386 is loaded. The default value is 0.
Specifies how many fast alternate register sets (used for multitasking)
you want to allocate to EMM386. Valid values are in the range 0 through
254. The default value is 7. Every alternate register set adds about 200
bytes to the size in memory of EMM386.
Specifies how many handles EMM386 can use. Valid values are in the range
2 through 255. The default value is 64.
Specifies how many kilobytes of memory should be reserved for buffered
direct memory access (DMA). Discounting floppy-disk DMA, this value
should reflect the largest DMA transfer that will occur while EMM386 is
active. Valid values for nnn are in the range 16 through 256. The
default value is 32.
Specifies a range of segment addresses to be used for UMBs and also
enables EMS support. If you do not specify a range, EMM386 uses all
available adapter space to create UMBs and a page frame for EMS.
Provides access to the upper memory area but prevents access to expanded
Disables support for VCPI applications. This switch must be used with
the NOEMS switch. If you specify the NOVCPI switch without specifying
the NOEMS switch, EMM386 does not disable VCPI support. If you specify
both switches, EMM386 disregards the MEMORY parameter and the MIN
switch. Disabling support for VCPI applications reduces the amount of
extended memory allocated.
Specifies that EMM386 use an additional check to determine the
availablity of upper memory for use as UMBs or EMS windows. On some
computers, specifying this switch may have no effect or cause EMM386 to
identify upper memory areas as available when they are not. As a
result, your computer might stop responding.
Directs EMM386 to display status and error messages while loading. By
default, EMM386 displays messages only if it encounters an error
condition. You can abbreviate VERBOSE as V. (To display status messages
without adding the VERBOSE switch, press and hold the ALT key while
EMM386 starts and loads.)
Reserves a specified range of segment addresses for Windows instead of
for EMM386. Valid values for mmmm and nnnn are in the range A000h
through FFFFh and are rounded down to the nearest 4-kilobyte boundary.
The X switch takes precedence over the WIN switch if the two ranges
overlap. The WIN switch takes precedence over the RAM, ROM, and I
switches if their ranges overlap.
Prevents EMM386 from loading into the upper memory area. Normally, a
portion of EMM386 is loaded into upper memory. Specifying this switch
decreases available conventional memory and increases the upper memory
area available for UMBs.
Specifies a range of segment addresses that EMM386 uses for shadow
RAM--random-access memory used for read-only memory (ROM). Valid values
for mmmm and nnnn are in the range A000h through FFFFh and are rounded
down to the nearest 4-kilobyte boundary. Specifying this switch may
speed up your system if it does not already have shadow RAM.
Prevents EMM386 from moving the extended BIOS data from conventional
memory to upper memory.
Specifies that EMM386 use an alternate handler to restart your computer
when you press CTRL+ALT+DEL. Use this switch only if your computer stops
responding or exhibits other unusual behavior when EMM386 is loaded and
you press CTRL+ALT+DEL.