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5.2.2 EXTERNAL Clause

The EXTERNAL clause specifies that a file connector is external, and permits communication between two programs by the sharing of files. A file connector is external if the storage associated with that file is associated with the run unit rather than with any particular program within the run unit. An external file can be referenced by any program in the run unit that describes the file. References to an external file from different programs using separate descriptions of the file are always to the same file. In a run unit, there is only one representative of an external file.

In the File Section, the EXTERNAL clause can only be specified in file description entries.

The records appearing in the file description entry need not have the same name in corresponding external file description entries. In addition, the number of such records need not be the same in corresponding file description entries.

Use of the EXTERNAL clause does not imply that the associated file-name is a global name. See the IBM COBOL Programming Guide for your platform for specific information on the use of the EXTERNAL clause.

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